vCloud Director 1.5 Release Notes
vCloud Director 1.5 | 1 SEP 2011 | Build 464915
vCloud Director 1.5 Virtual Appliance | 17 NOV 2011 | Build 525550
Last updated: 15 NOV 2011
What's in the Release Notes
The release notes cover the following topics:
- Fast Provisioning: Utilizing linked clones dramatically speeds up provisioning time and reduces storage costs.
- vApp Custom Properties: Allows developers and other users to easily pass user data into guest OSes using OVF descriptors.
- Blocking Tasks and Notifications: Programmatically connect vCloud Director to enterprise systems (e.g. CMDB) enabling end-to-end system automation.
- Expanded vCloud API: Additional commands added to the vCloud API namespace to include all GUI-accessible actions and enable broader integration and scripting using the API.
- Microsoft SQL Server Support: For new deployments of vCloud Director, Microsoft SQL is supported for the vCloud database in
addition to the previously supported database servers.
- vShield Edge VPN integration: Programmatically create site-to-site IPSec-VPN tunnels to connect across clouds.
- vCloud Director Virtual Appliance:. This appliance, which is intended for use in evaluation environments, incorporates vCloud Director and an embedded Oracle XE database.
System Requirements and Installation
For information about system requirements and installation instructions, see the
VMware vCloud Director Installation and Configuration Guide.
The most current information about supported databases and supported versions of ESX/ESXi and vCenter Server is available from
the VMware Product Interoperability Matrixes.
VMware vCenter Chargeback 1.6.2 supports vCloud Director 1.5, but does not support vCloud Director 1.0.x. Make sure you upgrade vCloud Director before you upgrade
vCenter Chargeback. See the VMware vCenter Chargeback 1.6.2 Release Notes for more
information about vCenter Chargeback 1.6.2.
The following known issues have been discovered through rigorous testing and will help you understand some behavior you might encounter in this release.
The known issues are grouped as follows:
"Too many open files" errors
vCloud Director can require high open file limits. Make sure that every cell in your vCloud Director environment allows processes
to open more than 1024 files. To see what the current limit is for a cell, log in to the cell, and type
If it says 1024 or less, then take the following steps to increase the open files limit:
/etc/security/limits.conf and make sure it includes the following lines:
* soft nofile 65535
* hard nofile 65535
/etc/pam.d/login to include the following line:
session required pam_limits.so
- Type the following command to restart the cell:
service vmware-vcd restart
- Log out of the cell and log back in.
ulimit -n to verify your changes.
Cannot change vCloud Director database user name or password while services are running
If you change the vCloud Director database user name or password while services are running, vCloud Director will fail at the
next database access and log a message of the form "java.sql.SQLException: ORA-01017: invalid username/password; logon
denied". Use the following procedure if you need to change the vCloud Director database user or password:
- Stop all vCloud Director services on all cells, as described in the
VMware vCloud Director Installation and Configuration Guide.
- Using database tools, change the vCloud Director database user or password.
- Run the vCloud Director configuration script on all cells, as described in the
VMware vCloud Director Installation and Configuration Guide (see "Configuring Network and Database Connections").
The script first asks for the Java keystore path and password and then prompts you for the new user name/password for the database.
After you complete the script, it updates the information in the vCloud Director database and properties files and re-starts vCloud Director services.
Unable to create a Microsoft Sysprep deployment package
If you get a permission denied error when running the
createSysprepPackage.sh script on a cell, you should check to
see if SELinux is enabled and running in enforcing mode. To check, run the following command:
If it returns "Enforcing", perform the following workaround to grant the appropriate permissions to run the tool.
Workaround: Enable text-relocation for the shared library used by the script. Run following command as root after vCloud Director
chcon -t textrel_shlib_t '/opt/vmware/cloud-director/deploymentPackageCreator/libCreatePkg.so'
Accessing vCloud Director with a Web browser
vCloud Director does not support logging in to different user accounts from the same browser at the same time. If you attempt to do so, the first
user is logged out.
Timeout when a provider vDC is created on the same cluster as VMware Storage Appliance
Creating a provider vDC on the same cluster as VMware Storage Appliance (VSA) results in a timeout. To avoid this timeout, use the VSA Manager tab of the
vSphere Client to put the datastore into maintenance mode. This action stops the VSA virtual machine gracefully and puts its host
into maintenance mode. After the host is in maintenance mode, you can use the vCloud Director Web Console to prepare the host.
Cannot create a provider vDC if one or more hosts in a cluster is disconnected
When you create a provider vDC backed by a cluster, all of the hosts in the cluster must be connected. If any host in the cluster
is disconnected, the create operation fails.
Workaround: Remove all disconnected hosts from the cluster.
vCloud Director might become unresponsive in Firefox 3.6.x on Windows XP and Windows 2003 systems
When accessing vCloud Director in Firefox 3.6.x on a Windows XP or Windows 2003 system, the UI becomes unresponsive after clicking
Browse for a vApp template or media upload. To fix this issue, click in your browser's search or URL bar, then back in the vCloud Director web UI.
Cannot create a vApp if vCenter has more than 2000 port groups
If a vCenter Server has more than 2000 standard or distributed port groups, you cannot create a vApp on any organization vDC
that uses that vCenter Server. This limitation applies only to vCloud Director installations using SQL Server.
Console proxy causes high CPU and memory load on vCD cells
Increased resource consumption by the console proxy can cause high CPU and memory load on vCD cells. If you see high CPU and memory
load on vCD cells, increase the number of cells and file descriptors. To increase the number of file descriptors, see
Accessing the vCloud Director user interface fails with the error: Cannot open connection - Too many open files.
vCenter Chargeback 1.6.2 supported only by vCloud Director 1.5
vCenter Chargeback 1.6.2 is supported only by vCloud Director 1.5 and will not work with earlier versions of vCloud Director.
Workaround: Upgrade vCloud Director to version 1.5 before installing vCenter Chargeback 1.6.2.
Installation and Upgrade Issues
Cannot edit/delete vApps, media, or templates after upgrading from vCloud Director 1.0.x to 1.5
If the log files contain an error similar to
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Unknown name value for enum class
com.vmware.vcloud.common.model.TaskOperation: VDC_UPDATE_RESOURCE_ENTITY, refer to Knowledge
Base (KB) article 2006704.
Cannot compose a vApp or add a virtual machine to a vApp after upgrading from vCloud Director 1.x to 1.5
If you see the error
Invalid computer name: Computer name can only contain alphanumeric characters, hyphens and underscores,
and must not contain only digits., refer to Knowledge Base (KB) article 2007019.
Server reboot required after upgrading vCloud Director
After you upgrade vCloud Director software on any member of a server group, you must run the script in
/etc/profile.d/vcloud.sh, so that the vCloud Director
environment is initialized with the proper values. Alternatively, you can log out of the server and then log in again.
vCloud Director reports host spanning is out of date after upgrading ESX
After you upgrade an ESX host managed by vCloud Director, the vCLoud Director Web Console reports that host spanning is out of date
for this host and prompts the system administrator to repeair the host. In most cases, this condition clears itself within a few
minutes without a repair action. Refresh the page to check the status of the upgraded host.
Unable to open vCD after upgradeWorkaround: Clear your flash cache.
Upgrading resulted in an SWF update. In some cases, the server-side flash SWF does not update properly due to caching.
- Go to the Adobe
- Click Delete all sites.
- Click Confirm.
Wait required after vShield Manager upgrade before performing any network operations
After you upgrade the vShield Manager server associated with the upgraded vCenter server, vShield Manager notifies vCloud Director
that it has a new version. It can take several minutes before vShield Manager sends the notification and vCloud Director processes
it. If you manually reset the network during this interval, the upgrade does not complete successfully. It is a good practice to
wait 5 minutes after the upgrade completes before you attempt to use or reset the network.
Upgrading vCloud Director interrupts in-progress OVF and media image uploads
In-progress uploads of OVF packages and media images can fail if interrupted by a vCloud Director upgrade. Failed uploads can be
re-started after the upgrade completes.
vCloud Director servers and database must be in the same time zone
See Configure vCloud Director servers and database to be in the same timezone.
ja_JP locales and Oracle
If you want to use a ja_JP locale for your vCloud Director cells and you want to use an Oracle database, you must use Oracle 11g R2 (22.214.171.124 or later).
Guest customization tab does not support non-ASCII characters
You cannot enter non-ASCII characters into any of the text fields on the Guest Customization tab of the Virtual
Machine Properties page. This includes the local administrator password; the domain name and its user name and password; and the customization script.
Cannot create organization with non-ASCII characters
vCloud Director does not support non-ASCII characters in organization names.
Uploading a vApp template with a long name containing unicode characters fails
When you try to upload a vApp template with a long name that includes unicode characters, the upload operation fails. If you encounter
this issue, shorten the vApp template name and retry the upload operation.
Non-ASCII characters in a system name might cause NAT-routed external organization network creation to fail
When you create an external organization network with a NAT-routed connection, the system name should contain only ASCII characters. Non-ASCII
characters in the system name might cause network creation to fail.
Some host names are rejected as invalid as the Public Console Proxy Address
You cannot use the Configure the Public Console Proxy Address field of the vCloud Director Web Console Public Addresses page to
configure certain host names as the Public Console Proxy Address. In particular, hostnames that include one or more digits following
a dot are considered invalid when you enter them in this field. To configure such a host name (or any hostname that is rejected as
invalid by the Web Console) as the the public console proxy address, add this line to $VCLOUD_HOME/etc/global.properties:
consoleproxy.external.address = hostname
consoleproxy.external.address = vcloud.123example.com
Default lease time UI field is non-functional
Entering a value into the DHCP Default lease time UI field does not have any effect on a vApp's DHCP configuration.
vCloud Director displays a host alert when a vSphere standard switch without uplinks is present
When a host has a vSphere standard switch that has no uplink (physical NIC), vCloud Director displays the alert "The host is not
connected to the following vSwitches: [standard switch name]." This error can be ignored.
Editing a virtual machine in certain vApp networks causes NAT mappings to be added for every virtual machine NIC on the network
When you edit any virtual machine on a fenced or routed vApp network that uses IP Translation, NAT mappings are added
for every virtual machine NIC on the network.
Outgoing traffic filtering fails with vShield Edge 4.1 in fenced mode
Traffic filtering in vShield Edge 4.1 in fenced mode fails with this release of vCloud Director, allowing all outgoing traffic
even when the outgoing traffic rule is set to DENY.
Norton Internet Security blocks installation of the VMware VMRC plugin
The VMRC plugin is required in order to view vCloud Director virtual machines consoles. Follow the Norton Internet Security procedures to allow the VMRC plugin to be installed.
Cannot install VMware VMRC plugin for Mozilla Firefox
On certain Linux operating systems, you may not be able to install the VMRC plugin for Firefox. You can take the following steps to resolve the issue:
- After downloading the VMRC plugin, run the installer and change the default installation path to
- Complete the installation wizard.
- Run the following commands to change the link to the plugin:
- Go to the Mozilla plugins directory:
- Remove the invalid symbolic link:
rm -f np-vmware-vmrc-e.x.p-378321.so
- Create a valid link:
ln -s /user/lib/vmware-vmrc/np-vmware-vmrc-e.x.p-378321.32.so no-vmware-vmware-vmrc-e.x.p-378321.so
- Verify the link:
VMRC crashes while opening the console when Visual C++ 8 runtime is not absent
When you open the console in an environment without Visual C++ 8 runtime, the VMRC plugin crashes. To restore
console functionality, install
Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 SP1 Redistributable Package (x86)'vcredist_x86'.
Organization vDC Issues
Deleting an organization vDC from the API versus from the UI
When you delete an organization vDC using the API, vCloud Director deletes any vApps, vApp templates, and
media in the organization vDC. Make sure to move any objects you want to keep before you delete the organization vDC.
When you delete an organization vDC using the UI, Cloud Director deletes any vApp templates in the organization vDC. Make
sure to move any vApp templates you want to keep before you delete the organization vDC.
Cannot start a vApp in a Reservation Pool organization vDC
Users can set memory and CPU reservations for their virtual machines in a Reservation Pool organization vDC. As a result,
it is possible for users to reserve all the available memory and CPU in the organization vDC for their virtual machines.
In this case, they would not be able to start a vApp that requires a vShield Edge virtual machine to provide network services,
since there would be no memory or CPU available.
Upload and Download Issues
Java plug-in issues
In order to upload vApp templates and media to a catalog, the computer from which you are uploading must have Java Plug-in
1.6.0_10 or later installed. In some cases, even after you install the plug-in you will not be able to upload files until
you restart your Web browser.
Virtual Machine Issues
Trouble viewing virtual machine consoles with Internet Explorer on Windows Vista and later
You may experience problems when trying to view a virtual machine console with Internet Explorer from a computer running Windows Vista or later. Disabling Internet
Explorer's Protected Mode resolves this issue.
Cannot click Client Integration Access Control Dialog
When you use the Open Console command to view a virtual machine console, the Client Integration Access Control dialog displays. For certain operating system
and browser combinations, you may not be able to click in the dialog until you first click in the virtual machine console.
No warning is given when the VMRC organization connections limit is reached
When the VMRC organization connections limit is exceeded, a blank console is displayed. No error message is given.
If you encounter this error, contact your organization administrator.
An attached device might not appear as attached after a console refresh
In some cases, when you refresh a console while a device is connected, the device remains attached after the refresh, but does not
display as attached. The device remains connected even if you open a manage device dialog box and leave None selected.
To re-synchronize the UI with the device connection state, connect the device again in the UI. A message appears that the device
is already connected. After this message appears, device management operations behave correctly again.
Console does not load correctly in Firefox 3.6 on Windows systems
In Firefox 3.6 running on Windows systems, the console does not display in windowed mode. To get the console to display correctly, use
the console in full screen mode.
Console does not reconnect when a virtual machine is powered on from outside the console window
When you leave a console window open after shutting down a virtual machine and the virtual machine is powered on again from outside
the console, the console does not reconnect to the powered on virtual machine. To reconnect the console to the virtual machine, close
the console and open a new console window for the virtual machine.
Console might not display correctly in Internet Explorer 9 on Windows 7 systems
When you open a console in Internet Explorer 9 on a Windows 7 system, it might display a gray screen instead of the virtual machine
desktop. To correct this display issue, refresh the console page.
NIC deletion does not resolve until you click OK
When you delete a NIC, click OK before editing any other properties. Editing other properties before you click OK might result in
Notification and Extension Issues
Spurious notification for catalog delete events
If notifications are enabled and a catalog is deleted, two notifications are sent: one for a
and one for a
/catalog/delete event. The catalog/modify event is a spurious notification and can be ignored.
vCloud API Issues
The schema definitions included in
approvals.xsd are no longer supported.
A vApp that displays as "Fenced" in the UI may have its vApp network Configuration FenceMode displayed as
"natRouted" when retrieved in the vCloud API. If the IP subnet on the vApp network overlaps the IP subnet on the
external network, then the vApp is actually deployed fenced. If the IP subnets on the two do not overlap, it is natRouted.
When a cloneVappTemplate request is made with the vCloud API, the value of the name attribute in the
request body is ignored, and the cloned object retains the name of the Source object.
When a cloneVapp request is made with the vCloud API, the deploy and powerOn attributes in the request body are
Attempts to use the vCloud API to specify a memory reservation or limit when editing the VirtualHardwareSection of a Vm
are silently ignored when the Vm is in a vDC whose AllocationModel has the value AllocationPool or AllocationVapp.
If you encounter errors (for example, "OperationDeniedException - Operations not in users context") when using
the vCloud API to import LDAP users into an organization, log out and log in, then try to import the users again.
When you instantiate a vApp template and specify a FenceMode value of isolated, the vApp network is created with a
FenceMode of natRouted.
When you configure the networkUpdateNetwork operation as a blocking task, no blocking task will be created when a vApp
network is updated.
If you abort or fail a blocking task for 'vdcRecomposeVapp' operation, changes to some sections, including the
LeaseSettingsSection, might not be reverted. You must revert the changes manually by reconfiguring the vApp.
Be sure to deploy vShield Edge virtual machines in vCenter clusters that have adequate resources. If you do not,
the vShield Edge virtual machine can fail to start. When this happens, vCloud Director displays a message of the form:
Unable to start vApp "----".
- Unable to start virtual machines in resource pool "----".
- Failed to initialize shield appliance
- HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
Code : 70510, Description : Unable to power on vShield Edge VM
You cannot filter the result set of a datastores query by matching the value of the provisionedStorageMB record,
as shown in this example, which selects no records, regardless of the actual values of the provisionedStorageMB records in the
vCloud Director Virtual Appliance Issues