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Windows NT Installation Guidelines

Windows NT Installation Guidelines

You can install Windows NT 4.0 (Workstation or Server) in a virtual machine using the standard Windows NT CD.

Before installing the operating system, be sure that you have already created a new virtual machine and configured it using the VMware Workstation New Virtual Machine Wizard (on Windows hosts) or Configuration Wizard (on Linux hosts).

Windows NT Installation Steps

Windows NT Installation Steps

  1. Use the VMware Workstation Configuration Editor to verify the virtual machine's devices are set up as you expect before starting the installation. For example, if you would like networking software to be installed during the Windows NT installation, be sure the virtual machine's Ethernet adapter is configured and enabled. VMware also recommends that you disable the screen saver on the host system before starting the installation process.

  2. Insert the Windows NT CD in the CD-ROM drive.

  3. Power on the virtual machine to start installing Windows NT.

  4. If you have enabled the virtual machine's Ethernet Adapter, an AMD PCNET Family Ethernet Adapter is detected and set up automatically. The default settings should work fine and do not need to be changed.

  5. Finish the Windows NT installation.

  6. VMware Workstation's virtual disks support DMA transfers for better performance.

    You can enable the feature after Windows NT has been successfully installed. You need the NT Service Pack 3 or 4 CD to enable this option. Once the virtual machine is running Windows NT, insert the SP3 or SP4 CD in the drive, run DMACHECK.EXE from the \SUPPORT\UTILS\I386 folder on the CD and click the Enabled option for the IDE controller/channel that is configured with the virtual disk (typically channel 0 only, unless you have the virtual machine configured with multiple virtual disks). The DMA option should not be enabled for any IDE channel that has a CD-ROM drive configured for it. Enabling it causes an error.

    Note: DMA is always enabled on SCSI virtual disks.

    Note: If you have a virtual disk and a CD-ROM attached as master and slave to the primary IDE controller (channel 0) and you want to enable DMA, power off the virtual machine and use the Configuration Editor to move the CD-ROM to the secondary IDE controller (channel 1) at IDE 1:0. Then boot the virtual machine with Windows NT, run DMACHECK and enable DMA for channel 0 only.

VMware Tools

VMware Tools

Be sure to install VMware Tools in your guest operating system. For details, see Installing VMware Tools.

Setting up a Windows NT 4.0 Guest with Multiple Disks

Setting up a Windows NT 4.0 Guest with Multiple Disks

To set up a virtual machine running Windows NT 4.0 and using multiple disks, you must first create a virtual machine with only one disk. Install Windows NT on that disk. Then use the Configuration Editor (Settings > Configuration Editor) to add the additional disks.

In addition, note that if you have a Windows NT 4.0 guest with a SCSI virtual disk, you cannot add both an additional SCSI disk and an IDE disk to the configuration.

Enabling Networking After Installing Windows NT

Enabling Networking After Installing Windows NT

If networking was disabled at the time you installed Windows NT, you can enable it after the operating system has been installed. To set up networking for a virtual machine, follow the instructions below.

Windows Host

Windows Host

  1. Shut down Windows NT and power off the virtual machine.

  2. From the VMware Workstation window, on the Settings menu, choose Configuration Editor and click Add.

  3. Follow the instructions in the Add Hardware Wizard to add a virtual Ethernet adapter.

  4. Power on the virtual machine.

  5. While Windows NT is booting, insert the Windows NT 4.0 CD in the CD-ROM drive.

  6. Log on to Windows NT and install the AMD PCNET driver:

    1. Open the Network properties page by double-clicking the Network icon in Control Panel. Change to the Network Adapters screen by clicking the Adapters tab.
    2. Click the Add button and select the AMD PCNET Family Ethernet Adapter from the list.
    3. A message pops up prompting you to enter a path for the Windows NT files. Specify the \I386 folder on the CD in the path you enter (for example, type D:\i386 if the CD is in drive D) and click Continue.
    4. Windows NT setup prompts you for the Windows NT files again. Click Continue.
    5. Use the default adapter settings; they do not need to be changed. Windows NT setup prompts you again for a path to the Windows NT files. Click Continue to finish installing the driver.
Linux Host

Linux Host

  1. Shut down Windows NT and power off the virtual machine.

  2. From the main program window, on the Settings menu, choose Configuration Editor and open the Ethernet Adapters panel.

  3. Select a network connection type for the virtual machine and click the Install button.

  4. Click OK to save the updated configuration, then power on the virtual machine.

  5. While Windows NT is booting, insert the Windows NT 4.0 CD in the CD-ROM drive.

  6. Log on to Windows NT and install the AMD PCNET driver:

    1. Open the Network properties page by double-clicking the Network icon in Control Panel. Change to the Network Adapters screen by clicking the Adapters tab.
    2. Click the Add button and select the AMD PCNET Family Ethernet Adapter from the list.
    3. A message pops up prompting you to enter a path for the Windows NT files. Specify the \I386 folder on the CD in the path you enter (for example, type D:\i386 if the CD is in drive D) and click Continue.
    4. Windows NT setup prompts you for the Windows NT files again. Click Continue.
    5. Use the default adapter settings; they do not need to be changed. Windows NT setup prompts you again for a path to the Windows NT files. Click Continue to finish installing the driver.
Known Issues

Known Issues

On a Linux host with an XFree86 3.x X server, it is best not to run a screen saver in the guest operating system. Guest screen savers that demand a lot of processing power can cause the X server on the host to freeze.

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