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Simple Steps to a New Virtual Machine on a Linux Host

Simple Steps to a New Virtual Machine on a Linux Host

Follow these steps to create a virtual machine using a virtual disk.

  1. In a terminal window, launch VMware Workstation.

    vmware &

  2. If this is the first time you have launched VMware Workstation, you are prompted to enter your 20-character serial number. This number is on the registration card in your package. Enter your serial number and click OK.

    The serial number is saved in your license file and VMware Workstation does not ask you for it again. For your convenience, VMware Workstation automatically sends the serial number to the VMware Web site when you use certain Web links built into the product (for example, Help > VMware software on the Web > Register Now! and Help > VMware software on the Web > Request Support). This allows us to direct you to the correct Web page for registration and support for your product.

  3. If this is the first time you have launched VMware Workstation, a dialog box asks if you want to rename existing virtual disks using the new .vmdk extension. Click OK to search all local drives on the host computer and make this change.

    The converter also renames the files that store the state of a suspended virtual machine, if it finds them. It changes the old .std file extension to .vmss. However, it is best to resume and shut down all suspended virtual machines before you upgrade to Workstation 3.2.

    Besides renaming files, the converter updates the corresponding virtual machine configuration files so they identify the virtual disks using the new filenames.

    Note: If you store your virtual disk files or suspended state files on a Windows XP or Windows .NET Server host - or if you may do so in the future - it is important to convert the filenames to avoid conflicts with the System Restore feature of Windows XP and Windows .NET Server.

    One Chance to Rename Disk Files

    The Rename Virtual Disks dialog box appears only once. If you click Cancel, you will not have another opportunity to update the filenames and configuration files automatically.

  4. Start the Configuration Wizard.

    When you start VMware Workstation, the startup screen has three options:

    • Run the Configuration Wizard.
    • Run the Configuration Editor.
    • Open an existing configuration.

      It also allows you to select a recently used configuration from a list.

      The default selection is Run the Configuration Wizard.

  5. To start the Configuration Wizard, click OK. You can also start the Configuration Wizard from the File menu (select File > Wizard).

    The Configuration Wizard presents you with a series of screens that you navigate using the Next and Prev buttons at the bottom of each screen. At each screen, follow the instructions, then click Next to proceed to the next screen.

  6. Select the method you want to use for configuring your virtual machine.

    If you select Create standard virtual machine, the wizard prompts you to specify or accept defaults for

    • The name of the guest operating system
    • The path to the directory for the guest operating system and a display name for the virtual machine
    • The disk type setting
    • Whether to install a new virtual disk, use an existing virtual disk or use a physical disk drive
    • The size of the virtual disk

      Select Install VMware Guest OS Kit if you have a Guest OS Kit and want to use it to create a preconfigured virtual machine using a virtual disk. If you select Install VMware Guest OS Kit, the wizard asks you to specify the path to the installer file on the Guest OS Kit CD-ROM. When you click Finish, it launches the Guest OS Kit installation program. For more information on VMware Guest OS Kits, see http://www.vmware.com/products/guestoskits/.

      The Finish button is not available initially. When there is enough information for the Configuration Wizard to finish the configuration, this button becomes available. Click Finish to have the Configuration Wizard enter default values for the remaining options. This is the fastest way to configure your virtual machine.

  7. Select a guest operating system.

    This screen asks which operating system to install in the virtual machine. The Configuration Wizard uses this information to select appropriate default values, such as the amount of disk space needed. The wizard also uses this information when naming associated virtual machine files.

    If the operating system you are using is not listed, select Other and enter the name of the operating system.

    The remaining steps assume you plan to install a Windows Me guest operating system. You can find detailed installation notes for this and other guest operating systems in Installing Guest Operating Systems.

  8. Select a directory and display name for the virtual machine.

    Each virtual machine should have its own directory. All associated files, such as the configuration file and the disk file, are placed in this directory.

    The default location is <homedir>/vmware/winME, where <homedir> is the home directory of the user who is currently logged on. If others users need to access this virtual machine, you should consider placing the virtual machine files in a location that is accessible to them. For more information, see Sharing Virtual Machines with Other Users.

    Enter a display name for the virtual machine or accept the default. In this case, the default is Windows Millennium.

  9. Select the disk type.

    Select Create a new virtual disk.

    Virtual disks are the best choice for most virtual machines. They are quick and easy to set up and can be moved to new locations on the same host computer or to different host computers. Virtual disks start as small files on the host computer's hard drive, then expand as needed - up to the size you specify in the next step.

    To use an existing virtual disk with this virtual machine, select Use an existing virtual disk.

    To use an existing operating system on a physical hard disk (a "raw" disk), read Configuring a Dual-Boot Computer for Use with a Virtual Machine. To install your guest operating system directly on an existing IDE disk partition, read the reference note Installing an Operating System onto a Raw Partition from a Virtual Machine.

    Caution: Raw disk configurations are recommended only for expert users.

    To install the guest operating system on a raw IDE disk, select Use a physical disk. To use a raw SCSI disk, add it to the virtual machine later with the Configuration Editor. Booting from a raw SCSI disk is not supported. For a discussion of some of the issues involved in using a raw SCSI disk, see Configuring Dual- or Multiple-Boot SCSI Systems to Run with VMware Workstation for Linux.

  10. Select the size of the virtual disk.

    Enter the size of the virtual disk that you wish to create. Use the default of 4000 (megabytes, or 4GB) or change the setting. The maximum size is 128GB for an IDE virtual disk or 256GB for a SCSI virtual disk. When you specify the size of the virtual disk, that amount of disk space is not immediately occupied by the virtual disk file. The virtual disk file grows as needed when applications and files are added to it.

    Note: If this setting is larger than the capacity of the host machine's hard disk, a warning message appears. You can ignore this message for now, as you can move this virtual machine to a drive that can hold it at a later time.

    Make the Virtual Disk Big Enough

    The virtual disk should be large enough to hold the guest operating system and all of the software that you intend to install, with room for data and growth.

    You cannot change the virtual disk's maximum capacity later.

    You can install additional virtual disks using the Configuration Editor

    For example, you need about 500MB of actual free space on the file system containing the virtual disk to install Windows Me and popular applications such as Microsoft Office inside the virtual machine. You can set up a single virtual disk to hold these files. Or you can split them up - installing the operating system on the first virtual disk and using a second virtual disk for applications or data files.

  11. Enable the CD-ROM drive.

    Most operating systems require the use of a CD-ROM for installation.

    Select CD-ROM enabled. To enter the path to the CD-ROM drive, Click Browse or type the path to the CD-ROM drive. For example, /dev/cdrom.

    If you wish, you can disable access to the CD-ROM drive later from the Devices menu when your virtual machine is running.

  12. Enable the floppy disk drive.

    Select the Floppy enabled option. To enter the path to the floppy drive, click Browse or type the path to the physical floppy drive (for example, type
    /dev/fd0).

    Some operating systems may require the use of a floppy drive during installation.

    If you wish, you can disable access to the floppy drive later using the Configuration Editor (Settings > Configuration Editor) or from the Devices menu when your virtual machine is running.

  13. Configure the networking capabilities of the virtual machine.

    To enable your virtual machine to use an existing Ethernet connection on your host computer, select Bridged networking.

    To enable your virtual machine to use a virtual network limited to the host and the virtual machines running on the host, select Host-only networking.

    To enable your virtual machine to use both an existing Ethernet connection on your host computer and also a virtual network limited to the host and the virtual machines running on the host, select Bridged and host-only networking. This allows for the sharing of files between the virtual machine and the host operating system.

    To give the virtual machine access to the host computer's dial-up or external network connection using the host's IP address, select NAT. NAT is useful if you have a wireless NIC on your host (as bridged networking is not supported on wireless NICs) and allows for the sharing of files between the virtual machine and the host operating system.

    For more details about VMware Workstation networking options, see Networking.

  14. Review and finish the configuration.

    This screen presents all the options you selected. Review it for accuracy and click Done to complete the virtual machine configuration.

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