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Installing VMware Workstation 4 on a Windows Host

Installing VMware Workstation 4 on a Windows Host

Getting started with VMware Workstation is simple. The key steps are

  1. Install the VMware Workstation software as described in this section.
  2. Start VMware Workstation and enter your serial number. You need to do this only once — the first time you start VMware Workstation after you install it.
  3. Create a virtual machine using the New Virtual Machine Wizard. See Creating a New Virtual Machine.
  4. Install a guest operating system in the new virtual machine. You need the installation media (CD-ROM or floppy disks) for your guest operating system. See Installing a Guest Operating System and VMware Tools.
  5. Install the VMware Tools package in your virtual machine for enhanced performance. See Installing VMware Tools.
  6. Start using your virtual machine.

Before you begin, be sure you have

  • A computer and host operating system that meet the system requirements for running VMware Workstation. See Host System Requirements.
  • The VMware Workstation installation software. If you bought the packaged distribution of VMware Workstation, the installation software is on the CD in your package. If you bought the electronic distribution, the installation software is in the file you downloaded.
  • Your VMware Workstation serial number. The serial number is included in the VMware Workstation package or in the email message confirming your electronic distribution order.
  • The installation CD or disks for your guest operating system.
Installing the VMware Workstation Software

Installing the VMware Workstation Software

  1. Log on to your Microsoft Windows host as the Administrator user or as a user who is a member of the Windows Administrators group.

    Note: You cannot install VMware Workstation on a Windows 2000 or Windows Server 2003 system that is configured as an Active Directory server.

    Caution: Do not install VMware Workstation on a Windows NT Server 4.0 system that is configured as a primary or backup domain controller.

    Note: On a Windows XP or Windows Server 2003 host computer, you must be logged in as a local administrator (that is, not logged in to the domain) in order to install VMware Workstation.

    Note: Although you must be logged in as an administrator to install VMware Workstation, a user with normal user privileges can run the program after it is installed. Keep in mind that you need one license for each user.

  2. If you are installing from a CD, from the Start menu, choose Run and enter D:\setup.exe, where D: is the drive letter for your CD-ROM drive.

    If you are installing from a downloaded file, from the Start menu, choose Run, browse to the directory where you saved the downloaded installer file and run the installer. (The filename is similar to VMwareWorkstation-<xxxx>.exe, where <xxxx> is a series of numbers representing the version and build numbers.)

  3. The Welcome dialog box appears.

    Click Next.

  4. Acknowledge the end user license agreement (EULA). Select the Yes, I accept the terms in the license agreement option, then click Next.

  5. Choose the directory in which to install VMware Workstation. To install it in a directory other than the default, click Change and browse to your directory of choice. If the directory does not exist, the installer creates it for you. Click Next.

    Caution: Do not install VMware Workstation on a network drive.

    Note: Windows and the Microsoft Installer limit the length of a path to a folder on a local drive to 255 characters. For a path to a folder on a mapped or shared drive, the limit is 240 characters. If the path to the VMware Workstation program folder exceeds this limit, an error message appears. You must select or enter a shorter path.

  6. The installer has gathered the necessary information and is ready to begin installing the software.

    If you want to change any settings or information you provided, now is the time to make those changes. Click Back until you reach the dialog box containing the information you want to change.

    If you do not need to make any changes, click Install. The installer begins copying files to your computer.

  7. If the installer detects that the CD-ROM autorun feature is enabled, you see a message that gives you the option to disable this feature. Disabling it prevents undesirable interactions with the virtual machines you install on this system.
  8. You may see one or more Digital Signature Not Found dialog boxes when the installer begins to install the VMware Virtual Ethernet Adapters. You can safely ignore these warnings and click Yes or Continue to approve installation of the drivers.
  9. A dialog box appears, asking if you want to rename existing virtual disks using the .vmdk extension.

    This naming convention was introduced in VMware Workstation 3. If your virtual disk files already use the .vmdk extension, click No to skip this process. Click Yes if you want to search all local drives on the host computer and make this change.

    The converter also renames the files that store the state of a suspended virtual machine, if it finds them. It changes the old .std file extension to .vmss. However, it is best to resume and shut down all suspended virtual machines before you upgrade from VMware Workstation 3 to VMware Workstation 4.

    Besides renaming files, the converter updates the corresponding virtual machine configuration files so they identify the virtual disks using the new filenames.

    If you store your virtual disk files or suspended state files on a Windows XP or Windows Server 2003 host — or if you may do so in the future — it is important to convert the filenames to avoid conflicts with the System Restore feature of Windows XP and Windows Server 2003.

  10. If you wish, enter your name, company name and serial number, then click Next. The serial number is on the registration card in your package. The user and company information you enter here is then made available in the About box (Help > About VMware Workstation). If you skip this step, you are prompted to enter your serial number the first time you run VMware Workstation.

    One chance to rename disk files — The Rename Virtual Disks dialog box appears only once. If you click Cancel, you will not have another opportunity to update the filenames and configuration files automatically.

  11. Click Finish. The VMware Workstation software is installed.
  12. A prompt suggests that you reboot your PC. Reboot now to allow VMware Workstation to complete the installation correctly.
Installing VMware Workstation Silently

Installing VMware Workstation Silently

If you are installing VMware Workstation on a number of Windows host computers — in a corporate environment, for example — you may want to use the silent install features of the Microsoft Windows Installer.

Before installing VMware Workstation silently, you must ensure that the host computer has version 2.0 or higher of the MSI runtime engine. This version of the installer is available in versions of Windows beginning with Windows XP and is available separately from Microsoft for versions of Windows beginning with Windows NT 4.0.

The following steps outline the procedures for a silent install. For additional details on using the Microsoft Windows Installer, see the Microsoft Web site.

  1. Silently extract the administrative installation image from the VMware Workstation installer:

    setup.exe /a /s /v"/qn TARGETDIR=<InstallTempPath>"

    setup.exe is the name of the installer on the CD distribution. If you are using a downloaded installer, the filename is similar to VMwareWorkstation-<xxxx>.exe, where <xxxx> is a series of numbers representing the version and build numbers.

    <InstallTempPath> is the full path to the folder where you want to store the administrative installation image.

  2. Run a silent installation using msiexec and the administrative installation image you extracted in the previous step:

    msiexec -i "<InstallTempPath>\VMware Workstation.msi" [INSTALLDIR="<PathToProgramDirectory>"] ADDLOCAL=ALL [REMOVE=<featurename,featurename>] /qn

    Enter the command on one line. If you want to install VMware Workstation in a location other than the default, change the path that follows INSTALLDIR= to specify the desired location.

    You may use the optional REMOVE= property to skip installation of certain features. The REMOVE= property can take one or more of the following values:

     Value
     Description
     Authd
     The VMware authorization service
     Network
     Networking components including the virtual bridge and the host adapters for host only networking and NAT networking; do not remove if you want to use NAT or DHCP
     DHCP
     The virtual DHCP server
     NAT
     The virtual NAT device

    If you specify more than one value, use a comma to separate the values. For example, REMOVE=Authd,NAT.

    Note: If you specify REMOVE=Network, the installer skips installation of certain networking components, including NAT and DHCP. There is no need to specify DHCP or NAT separately.

    You may customize the installation further by adding any of the following installation properties to the command using the format PROPERTY="value". A value of 1 means true; a value of 0 means false. If you use the serial number property, enter the serial number, complete with hyphens (xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx).

     Property
     Effect of the Property
     Default
     DESKTOP_SHORTCUT
     Installs a shortcut on the desktop
     1
     DISABLE_AUTORUN
     Disables CD autorun on the host
     1
     REMOVE_LICENSE
     (Uninstall only) Removes all stored licenses at uninstall
     0
     SERIALNUMBER
     Automatically enters the serial number
     

Uninstalling VMware Workstation 4 on a Windows Host

Uninstalling VMware Workstation 4 on a Windows Host

To uninstall VMware Workstation 4, use the Add/Remove Programs control panel. Select the entry for VMware Workstation, then click Remove. Follow the on-screen instructions.

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